Mihaela Perţea1, S. Luncă2

Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie „Gr. T. Popa" Iaşi

Facultatea de Medicină

1 Clinica de Chirurgie Plastică şi Reconstructivă

2 Clinica de Urgenţe Chirurgicale

Spitalul Clinic de Urgenţe Iaşi

POLAND SYNDROME.- ANATOMICAL ANOMALIES AND ASSOCIATED SYNDROMES (Abstract): Poland syndrome is defined as unilateral aplasia of the sternocostal head of the pectoralis major muscle associated with ipsilateral hypoplasia of the hand. The incidence of Poland syndrome is about 1 in 30,000 live births, is more common in male and the exact etiology is still unknown. Many anatomical anomalies are described as part ofPoland syndrome: muscu­lar, hand, breast, renal, cardiac, gastrointestinal. Breast, hand and thoracic anomalies represent an important cosmetic handicap, and may be surgically corrected. Poland syndrome is sometimes associated with other syndromes such as Moebius, Klippel-Feil, Goldenhar or Adams-Oliver. The purpose of this article is to present these anatomical anomalies and syndromes associated with Poland syndrome, which are rarely described in the literature, their clinical aspects and implica-tions for anatomists and surgeons. Key words: POLAND SYNDROME, HAND ANOMALIES, MUSCLES ANOMALIES, ANATOMICAL ANOMALIES, ASSOCIATED SYNDROMES